The jade elaborated in Costa Rica was carved in the central area, specifically on the plains of the Central Caribbean, but also in the Guanacaste-Nicoya sub-region. Probably by the beginnings of 500 b.C. and ending towards 500-800 a.D. Local jades were carved as pendants, many of which are hatchet-formed in the bottom part, while the upper part represents human figures, adorned as birds, mammals and reptiles.
Social, religious and spiritual power
Among the pre-Columbian social groups there is an outstanding character who exercised as spiritual and religious leader, mediator between the people and the world of spirits, known as the shaman, who had the power to heal and transform into different animal such as the jaguar for example. Shamans may have been men or women who stood out within a social group for their particular characteristics.
Specialized artisans embodied the world of their animist beliefs, the belief that protective spirits manifested as different animals in jade pieces. Within the most used portrayals in jade carving are birds, mammals and reptiles.